Successfully Integrating Accessibility in your Organization's Web Development Lifecycle

CSUN 2011

March 17th, 2011
San Diego

Intellectual Property

Under a Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada (BY-NC-SA 2.5) Creative Commons license.

Creative Commons BY-NC-SA

2011. Some Rights Reserved - Terms of Use



Denis Boudreau

And yeah...
English is only a second language to me, so please bear with me!

Coming from up north (Quebec, Canada)...

Map of North America.

Where the weather is a little different!

Montreal, under 3 feet of snow.

So believe me when I say...

Lots and lots of snow.

I'm real happy to be here!

Lying in the sand, smiling.

a11y is an important issue in Canada

Website screen captures of accessibility initiatives on the provincial and federal governement levels.

Building on top of W3C standards


Now, having said that...

Houston, we have a problem...

Accessibility: still, not quite there yet!

Lost, confused, unsure, unclear, perplexed, disoriented, bewildered.

How can we change things, when...

Websites kinda suck.

Planning Web Accessibility?

Website currently under construction.

A totally hypothetical situation!

How does one "plan" accessibility?

Pick just about any web project you've worked on...

Project Management

When the project reaches the final stages of quality control, accessibility experts are called in and assessments are provided.


Enter the Accessibility Expert

Enter the Accessibilty Expert

The accessibility expert is called at the very end of the project to measure and (most probably) fix the accessibility of:

Not an easy fight!

Bruce Lee fight Hans.

And we really wonder why there are so few good examples of accessible websites?

Think about it!
Dealing with accessibility at the end of the production chain leads to costly rework, without adequate means to do so, for problems that should have been dealt with early on.

So, what must we do...

A question of governance

Planning accessibility - Accessibility responsibility breakdown

Help the organization identify, prevent and avoid common pitfalls:

Planning accessibility - Accessibility responsibility breakdown

Going back to our development lifecycle...

Spreading out accessibility requirements over the production chain

Project Management


Planning the right intervention, at the right time, by the right people, in order to prevent errors & expensive omissions.


Summing It Up...

All about teamwork & workflow

Prevent rather than cure

It's a lot cheaper to get it right the first time

Integrate accessibility as part of the organization's culture
(so expertise remains, when experts leave)

So, how do we achieve this?

Incorporate accessibility at all stages

Resources (if you can read french!)
Guide de partage des responsabilités et des tâches relatives à l'accessibilité d’un site Web (PDF, 325Ko)

Accessibility Costs & Impacts

Do more with the same budget?

Accessibility Responsibility Breakdown

Répartition des responsabilités d'accessibilité (WCAG 2.0) sur le site du Gouvernement du Canada

Part of the "Web Experience Toolkit" project (WET).

Generic roles Requirements
Analysis 9
Architecture 9
Interaction Design 36
Graphics Design 32
Prototyping 25
CopyWriting 21
Development 59
Quality Control 61

Alternate version of the breakdown (PDF, 190Ko) provided by Accessibil-IT (Ontario, Canada).

Questions, comments?

Thank you!

Denis Boudreau,

AccessibilitéWeb Cooperative
1751 Richardson street, suite 6111
Montreal (Quebec), Canada H3K 1G6
Toll free: 1 (877) 315-5550

Twitter : @AccessibiliteWb / @dboudreau